Coface Quarterly "Panorama Sectors"
Chemicals, pharmaceuticals and automotive: increased credit risks in Europe
The unique indicator (*), developed by Coface economists and based on the payment experience of companies recorded by its underwriters, sends an alarm signal to three of the fourteen business sectors analysed.
The risk increase, noted since last April, concerns:
- chemicals: the risk moves from ‘medium’ to ‘high’ in Europe and in Emerging Asia. In Europe, the profitability of chemical companies fell by 19% in one year, due to sluggish demand and competition from US exporters. In Emerging Asia, and more particularly in China, SMEs have become the first victims of the drying up of credit supply.
- pharmaceuticals in Europe: the risk is ‘high’. In Emerging Asia and in North America we note a relative stabilisation (risk considered moderate and medium respectively). In Europe, dispensaries (whose sales and margins are falling) and distributors are affected by measures to reduce the growth in health spending.
- European automotive, the most affected sector: the risk is downgraded to ‘very high’. The 2009 crisis drastically changed the stakes for the global automotive industry. The European automotive industry was particularly affected and has continued to decline, faced with structurally high production costs and a lack of domestic outlets. The new wave of bankruptcies in the French automotive sector illustrates the European problem: between August 2012 and July 2013, their number increased by 11%. Worse still, the financial cost of these bankruptcies for suppliers is up 35%, following a greater number of larger companies going bankrupt, particularly among traders (58% of the total) and sub-contractors (24% of the total). The situation is even more worrying since at the national level, all sectors included, the number of bankruptcies only increased 6% and the cost fell by 5.8%.
Automotive industry in Turkey and in Russia: is it worth the risk?
In this context, international groups from the sector are turning to emerging markets, particularly Turkey, highly export-oriented with its competitive costs, and Russia, buoyed by a large and dynamic domestic market. Betting on these two very attractive markets is bold, but their potential exceeds the risks.
What are the risks?
Besides the volatility of growth, these countries suffer from several drawbacks.
The Turkish automotive sector is in a fragile position because it is very dependent on the economic conditions of the European Union (the destination of 40% of the country's exports) and is penalised by heavy taxation. Another difficulty is that R&D efforts are insufficient to meet the competition of the CEEC. In Russia, international sub-contractors face an ever-present protectionism, despite the recent accession of the country to the WTO.
What is the potential?
Despite these drawbacks, the two countries offer good opportunities for industrialists and investors. The fast-growing middle class remains an important driver because households are eager to catch up on automotive equipment. Indeed, the number of vehicles is underdeveloped: 151 vehicles per 1,000 inhabitants in Turkey, and 260 in Russia compared to 613 in the countries of Western Europe. The attractiveness of these markets is reinforced by the strong support of governments, whose aim is to ensure a major step-change.
"Differentiating by costs can no longer be an industrial policy over the long term. To continue to attract foreign investors, emerging countries, including Russia and Turkey, must now focus on innovation. As for European prospects, distributors, greatly weakened by the crisis, need to reinvent the whole model, with flexibility and customisation as essential elements," explains Nicolas de Buttet, Director of Underwriting for the Western Europe Region at Coface.
(*) Coface's credit risk indicator is based on changes in financial data published by over 6,000 listed companies from Emerging Asia, North America and the European Union of 15 countries: the change in turnover, profitability, net indebtedness ratio, cash flow and claims observed by Coface analysts. It is broken down into four risk categories: moderate, medium, high and very high.